Legislative and Policy Framework Options for Somalia

This research, undertaken in collaboration with Orchid Project, with the purpose of scoping the parameters which have been present, and potentially influential, in reducing FGM/C prevalence in countries neighbouring Somalia. The purpose is to better understand the structures which have influenced and/or supported the introduction of FGM/C legislation and policy. The research looked into the structures, and provides case studies, from Kenya, Ethiopia, Djibouti and Tanzania.

May 28th 2024
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Legislative and Policy Framework

Legislative and Policy Framework Options for Somalia 

Lessons from the frameworks and structures common to successful Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting (FGM/C) campaigns in neighbouring countries

Published December 2023

This research, undertaken in collaboration with Orchid Project, scopes the parameters which have been present, and potentially influential, in reducing FGM/C prevalence in countries neighbouring Somalia. The purpose is to better understand the structures which have influenced and/or supported the introduction of FGM/C legislation and policy.

Prevalence of FGM/C in surrounding countries within the Horn of Africa are lower than the prevalence in Somalia. However, prevalence among Somali communities in the surrounding countries is largely the same as within Somalia.

Research finding

The research has: 

• use the Joint Programme Policy Brief as a guide, focus on Djibouti, Ethiopia, Kenya and Tanzania to identify similarities in their FGM/C frameworks which have supported a decrease in FGM/C prevalence;

• bear in mind where there are large populations of Somalis cross-border;

• through desk and on-line research, identify what research already exists in this area with a particular focus on East Africa;

• provide a sample of case studies to highlight learnings from elsewhere.